What Are Chemical Agents?
What Are Chemical Warfare Agents or CWAs?
What are Toxic Industrial Chemicals orTICs?
Toxic Industrial chemicals are used in industrial operations or research, and — if released — have adverse effects on human health or on the environment. TICs may exist as solids, liquids and gases.
NATO defines a TIC as a chemical that:
• is more toxic than ammonia (IDLH* 30 min, 300 ppm/m3),
• is produced in quantities greater than 30 tonnes per year at any given production facility.
Some TICs can be used as CWA, e.g. Chlorine or Phosgene.
* Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health (IDLH) – “the ability of a worker to escape without loss of life or irreversible health effects”.